Treatment of Retina Conditions in Florida

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Your Retina Plays a Vital Role

The retina is essential for vision. It’s a thin tissue that lines the back of the eye and contains light-sensitive cells. These cells receive information and send it to the brain through the optic nerve. This process is what enables you to see.

However, certain retina conditions can damage your retina and cause vision loss. At Center For Sight, our vitreoretinal specialists can diagnose any problems and provide treatment options to help preserve your vision.

Macular Degeneration: A Common Retina Condition

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition that affects your central vision, and can even impact your ability to drive, read, and recognize faces.

This condition occurs when the macula begins to thin with age, resulting in 2 types of AMD:

  • Dry AMD: The most common form of this condition, dry AMD causes the tissue in the macula to thin and lose the cells needed for vision.
  • Wet AMD: Wet AMD is less common but more severe, occurring when abnormal blood vessels leak fluid and blood into the macula. Wet AMD is a medical emergency requiring care as soon as possible.

Other Retinal Issues

Besides AMD, several other conditions can affect the retina. If left untreated, retinal issues can affect your vision and decrease your quality of life. By receiving regular thorough eye exams, our experienced doctors can help you get the quick treatment you need.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy occurs when diabetes damages the blood vessels, leading to blurry, distorted vision and potential blindness. This disease has 2 stages:nonproliferative and proliferative.

As blood vessels in the retina become damaged, they can close off. New, abnormal blood vessels grow, known as neovascularization. These weak blood vessels can bleed into the retina and may develop scar tissue.

Diabetic retinopathy can cause blurry, darkened, or cloudy vision. Laser photocoagulation, vitrectomy, and cryotherapy are potential treatments for this condition.

A macula pucker is an eye condition where your vision becomes wavy or distorted. It occurs when wrinkles, creases, or bulges form in the macula. As the vitreous pulls away from the macula, scar tissue may develop.

The warping and contracting of this scar tissue can cause the retina to wrinkle and bulge. Vitrectomy surgery can help remove scar tissue if you experience significant vision loss.

A macula hole is a small break in the macula, causing blurred and distorted vision. This condition occurs when the shrinking vitreous adheres to the macula. The macula tissue then stretches and tears after several weeks or months.

Macula holes progressively worsen your vision at distance and close range. Vitrectomy surgery is the most effective treatment to repair a macular hole.

Posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is a condition that occurs with age. The vitreous can change with time, becoming more liquid-like. It shrinks and pulls away from the back of the eye.

PVDs typically do not cause significant problems, but there is a chance for a retinal tear or detachment if this condition is left untreated. Symptoms of this condition include:

  • Flashes of light
  • New floaters
  • A shadow in your peripheral vision
  • A gray curtain moving across your visual field

Retinal Care at Center For Sight 

Conditions affecting the retina and macula can permanently damage your vision, but early diagnosis and treatment can help protect your vision and eye health. 

Your Center For Sight retina ophthalmologist can help diagnose, treat, and perform retina eye surgery for these conditions. Book an appointment today!

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